Pre-20th Century

The information presented in this time period has been organized by Sarah Findley. Prior to the 20th century, beliefs on procreation and gender roles were constantly changing throughout Western culture.  I will discuss what the major differences in beliefs were for the following time periods in chronological order:

The Middle Ages(400-1400s)

The Enlightenment (1500-1700s) and

The Victorian Era (1800s)



Crooks, R., & Baur, K. (2011). Our sexuality (11th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Degler, C. N. (1974). What ought to be and what was: Women’s sexuality in the nineteenth century. The American Historical Review, 79 (5), 1467-1490.

Livius. (2010, February 9). Medieval penitential flow chart. [Web log comment]. Retrieved from

Platoni, K. (2010, March). The sex scholar. Stanford Magazine. Retrieved from

White, E. (2008). Sex tips for wives in 1894 and today. The Sun. Retrieved from

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